September 21, 2021
What are the 3P’s of diabetes

What Are the 3 P’s of Diabetes?

DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES: HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU HAVE DIABETIC?
The best way to find out if you have diabetes is to test your blood sugar with a healthcare professional.

First of all, the diagnosis of diabetes can only be made after performing a fasting blood sugar level. It is essential to test your blood sugar after a minimum of 8 hours of fasting. Your blood sugar level must be 126 mg / dl or above for a clear diagnosis. The blood sugar should also be checked twice1.

However, screening for diabetes can also be done at any time of the day. If necessary, the blood sugar of a person with diabetes must be greater than or equal to 200 mg / dl to be significant1.

The diagnostic test for diabetes consists of two blood tests. Your blood tests should be done in a medical laboratory and examined by a doctor during your follow-up.

To learn more about the tests to perform, click here.

If in doubt, consult your doctor.

HOW DOES TYPE 1 DIABETES MANIFEST?
The endocrine system maintains the balance of hormone secretion levels in our body. It plays an important role because it is responsible for the growth of cells and organs.

Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas. If this secretion stops, we then develop type 1 diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which part of the body’s immune system destroys beta cells in the pancreas. The latter can therefore no longer produce insulin.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are very clear. Indeed, these are the 3 “Ps”:

Polydipsia: increased thirst
Polyphagia: increased hunger
Polyuria: frequent need to urinate
These symptoms are often associated with severe weight loss, lack of energy and feelings of nausea.

To learn more about the tests to be performed; click here.

If in doubt, consult a doctor.

HOW DOES TYPE 2 DIABETES MANIFEST?
Type 2 diabetes is more difficult to detect than type 1 diabetes.

This is because the symptoms of type 2 diabetes take longer to appear, and in many cases, there are not even any significant symptoms. In addition to the 3 ‘Ps’ common with type 1 diabetes, people often experience a feeling of exhaustion and general fatigue. In addition, wounds heal more slowly than in people without diabetes.

Due to the slow onset of symptoms, many type 2 diabetics are not detected in time and diabetes-related complications often develop, especially due to high blood sugar.

If in doubt, consult a doctor.

DID YOU KNOW ?
The risk factors for type 2 diabetes associated with an increased risk of diabetes with a proven causal link are1:

Age over 45;
Geographical origin (person of non-Caucasian origin and / or a migrant who has adopted a Western way of life);
Being overweight;
Physical inactivity ;
A history of gestational diabetes;
A history of childbirth of a low birth weight child or pregnancy with intrauterine growth retardation;
A family history of diabetes in a first degree relative;
A glycoregulation abnormality or prediabetes state (fasting blood sugar between 1.10 g / l (6.1 mmol / l) and 1.26 g / l (7.0 mmol / l)).
To learn more about the tests to perform, click here.

THE DIFFERENT TESTS TO BE CARRIED OUT IN CASE OF DOUBT
Fasting blood sugar
Fasting blood sugar is a blood test taken after a 12-hour period without food or drink except water. The fasting blood glucose test is used to determine the level of glucose in the blood. The representative blood sample is then analyzed in the laboratory.

In case of fasting, the body draws on its glucose reserves to cover its needs. The body of a person without diabetes makes and uses insulin to cope with the increased level of glucose in the blood. Conversely, a diabetic’s body does not have this reaction and therefore their blood sugar levels remain high.

For a person without diabetes, normal blood sugar is between 70 and 110 mg / dl after a period of fasting. Elevated fasting blood sugar corresponds to a value of 126 mg / dl, which leads to the diagnosis of diabetes. It is important to take a second blood test to ensure the accuracy of the results.

If in doubt, consult a doctor.

Random blood sugar
Blood sugar is taken at any time of the day.
The diagnosis is made if it is greater than 200 mg / dl. The results are always confirmed by a second test.

If in doubt, consult a doctor.

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
A so-called “normal” blood sugar should:

Be> 2 g / l at any time of the day.
Be> 2 g / l on an empty stomach.
Be between 0.7

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